Symptoms and causes of Anxiety disorders

Symptoms of Anxiety disorders here you will find all the possible way to cure Anxiety disorders and all possible solution the anxiety disorder

Symptoms of Anxiety


An overview

The occasional feeling of anxiety is part of life. Before making an important decision, before facing a problem at work, or taking a test, you may feel anxious. Anxiety disorders involve much more than a temporary apprehension. In people with anxiety disorders, the anxiety does not go away and can get worse over time. 

Symptoms such as these can interfere with social interactions, job performance, and school work. Different types of anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and various phobias-related disorders.

Symptoms and signs

Anxiety disorders generalized

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a mental illness that manifests as excessive worry about a variety of things for at least 6 months. They may experience significant problems with social relationships, school work, and work due to their intense fear and anxiety. 

Symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder include:
  • Feeling restless, tense, or tense
  • Weaknesses of the body
  • Being unable to concentrate; mental blankness
  • Feeling irritable
  • Being tense in the muscles
  • Feelings of worry difficult to control.
  • Feeling tired, restless, or having unsatisfying, deep sleep.

Anxiety disorders

Anxiety disorders cause recurrent, unexpected panic attacks. Panic attacks happen suddenly and do not last long. There are many factors that can trigger an attack. 

The following can happen during a panic attack:
  • Feelings of palpitations, pounded heartbeats or an accelerated heart rate
  • Excessive sweating
  • Feeling trembled or shaken
  • A feeling of smothering, choking, or shortness of breath.
  • I feel that doom is imminent
  • Feeling out of control
Panic disorder can make people oblivious to situations and circumstances that they might trigger a panic attack, causing them to avoid even the simplest of tasks.s they associate with panic attacks.

 People with agoraphobia develop significant problems in various areas of their lives as they worry about panic attacks.

Disorders caused by phobias

Phobias are irrational fears of specific objects or situations. Despite the fact that it can be reasonable to be anxious in some situations, the fear people with phobias feel is excessive compared to the actual danger they pose to themselves.

Phobia sufferers:

  • A person may worry excessively about encountering a feared object or situation.
  • Get active in avoiding the feared situation or object
  • Whenever a feared object or situation is encountered, feel immediate intense anxiety
  • Unavoidable situations and objects can cause intense anxiety
There are many types of phobias: 

The specific phobia is. As the name suggests, a specific phobia is an intense, or even overwhelming fear of, a specific type of object or situation. Specific phobias include:
  • Traveling by air
  • The heights
  • Spiders, dogs, or snakes, for example
  • Getting injections
  • The blood
An individual with social anxiety disorder has an intense fear of social situations or phobia of performance situations.

Individuals with anxiety worries that their actions will be negatively evaluated by others, making them feel embarrassed. Social situations are avoided often by socially anxious individuals. Various social situations, such as the workplace or the school environment, can manifest social anxiety disorder. 

An agoraphobic has a fear of any combination of the following.
  • Taking public transportation
  • Being in an open space
  • Enclosures
  • In line or in a crowd
  • Being alone out of the house
These situations are avoided by many people with agoraphobia because they fear not being able to leave them in the event of panic-like symptoms or other embarrassment. Individuals who suffer from agoraphobia may become housebound in a severe form. 

People often believe separation anxiety is something only children suffer from, but adults can be also find themselves suffering from separation anxiety.

People who suffer separation anxiety disorder worry about being parted from their loved ones. The attachment figure often worries that their attachment figure will suffer some sort of harm while separated. 

The fear of separation from their attachment figures causes them to avoid being alone and to avoid being separated from them. Separation anxiety patients may experience nightmares or physical symptoms when they are separated from attachment figures.

A disorder largely attributed to anxiety is selective mutism. 

A person with selective mutism fails to speak in specific social situations to the detriment of their ability to communicate normally. A child with selective mutism is likely to be extremely shy, fear of social embarrassment, compulsive traits, withdrawal, clinging behavior, and temper tantrums before the age of five. Selective mutism is often accompanied by other anxiety disorders.

The Risk Factors

The increasing prevalence of anxiety disorders is being attributed to genetic as well as environmental factors. A person's vulnerability to anxiety disorders depends on a variety of factors. Some common ones are:
  • Shyness and behavioral inhibitions as temperamental traits in childhood
  • Growing up in a stressful and negative environment as a child or an adult
  • The presence of mental illnesses in biological relatives.
  • An examination of one's physical condition can help determine if they suffer from an anxiety disorder, e.g. thyroid or heart issues or caffeine or other drugs.

Therapies and Treatments

Psychotherapy, medication, and psychological support are generally used to treat anxiety disorders. You can treat anxiety in many ways, and you should work with your doctor to choose the treatment that works best for you.

During psychotherapy

Anxiety disorders can be helped by psychotherapy or “talk therapy”. A person’s anxiety must be targeted during psychotherapy, and tailored to his or her needs for it to be effective. 

Cognitive Behavior Therapy

An example of an effective type of psychotherapy for anxiety disorders is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). It teaches people how to cope with anxiety-producing objects and situations by thinking, behaving, and reacting in different ways. 

Social anxiety can also be successfully treated by using cognitive-behavioral therapy. Social anxiety disorder is often treated with cognitive therapy, exposure therapy, and other CBT methods, together or separately.

 Anxiety disorders are treated cognitively by identifying, challenging, and neutralizing unhelpful or distorted thoughts. In exposure therapy, people who suffer from anxiety disorders learn to confront their fears by engaging in situations they have been avoiding. 

Relaxation exercises and imagery are sometimes used with exposure therapy. Group CBT is also available for people who have similar difficulties. Participants may be assigned homework between sessions.

Medicines

However, medications can help relieve symptoms of anxiety disorders. A psychiatrist or primary care provider may prescribe medication for anxiety. Psychiatrists that received specialized training can prescribe psychiatric medications in some states. Benzodiazepines, antidepressants and beta-blockers are the most common kinds of drugs used to combat anxiety disorders.

Treatments for Anxiety

Medications to treat anxiety, panic attacks, and extreme fear and worry can help to reduce the symptoms. The most common anti-anxiety medications are called benzodiazepines. 

The use of benzodiazepines as first-line treatments for generalized anxiety disorder has some advantages and disadvantages. It is known that benzodiazepines are effective in relieving anxiety and take effect more quickly than antidepressants often prescribed to treat anxiety symptoms.

 The drawback of benzodiazepines is that they can make you become accustomed to higher and higher doses if taken over a long period of time. In some cases, people become dependant on them. Physicians usually prescribe benzodiazepines for short periods of time to avoid these problems, which is particularly helpful for older adults, people with substance abuse problems, and those who become dependent on medications easily.

Benzodiazepines can cause withdrawal symptoms and anxiety may return if people suddenly stop taking them. It is advisable to taper off benzodiazepines gradually. In order to stop taking the medication, the doctor will assist you in reducing the dose slowly and safely. 

A benzodiazepine is often used on an ad-hoc basis for anxiety that cannot be controlled with antidepressants (eg as a maintenance treatment for severe episodes). Buspirone is a different type of anti-anxiety drug. Buspirone is a non-benzodiazepine medication prescribed for the treatment of chronic anxiety, although it does not help everyone.

An antidepressant

A variety of drugs can be used to treat anxiety disorders as well as depression. By taking them, you may be able to improve your brain's ability to use certain chemicals that control mood or stress. You may have to take several different antidepressants to find what works best for you.

 People will often consider a medication that has helped them or a member of their family in the past. It is important to give antidepressants sufficient time to work before judging their effectiveness.  Stop taking antidepressants only with the help of a doctor if you started taking them.

 In order to stop taking the medication, the doctor will assist you in reducing the dose slowly and safely. Withdrawal symptoms may occur if you stop abruptly. First-line treatments for anxiety commonly include SSRIs and SNRIs, which are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. 

Antidepressants older than the tricyclic antidepressant and the monoamine oxidase inhibitor are some of the most commonly used — but also effective — treatments for anxiety disorders. 

Take Note: Young people aged 18-25 may exhibit increased suicidal behavior or thoughts when taking antidepressants, particularly when the dose is first started and when the medication is changed. Antidepressants should be monitored closely by patients of all ages, especially in the first few weeks after starting treatment.

Anti-Beta-Blockers

The beta-blocker class of drugs is most often used in treating disease such as hypertension, and can be used to help relieve anxiety-related symptoms and illnesses such as rapid heartbeat, trembling, shaking, and blushing. 

Taking these medications for a short period of time will help people keep physical symptoms under control. As well as being used “as needed” to alleviate acute anxiety, they may also be used in a preventive role for some types of performance-related anxiety.
What's the Right Medication for You?
There may be drugs tailored to specific anxiety disorders, so people should talk to their doctors about the specific medications that will work best for them. The following substances can aggravate the symptoms of anxiety disorders or interact with medications prescribed by a physician such as caffeine, some over-the-counter cold medications, and herbal supplements.

 The patient should consult their doctor to learn what substances are safe and which to avoid. It is advisable to do the right medication, the right dosage, and the right treatment plan with the expert's guidance based on the individual's needs and medical condition. The right medicine for you might take several weeks to find it.
It is important to discuss:
  • The effectiveness of medications and how they might work to improve your symptoms.
  • Aside from their benefits, each medication has a side effect.
  • Your risk of serious side effects is influenced by your medical history
  • Lifestyle changes are likely to be necessary if medications are prescribed.
  • How much do different medications cost?
  • Additional treatment options you may be taking, such as alternative therapies, medications, vitamins, and supplements, and how these may affect your treatment; a combination of medication and psychotherapy is the best approach for many with anxiety disorders.
  • Stopping the medication (Some medications have to be stopped slowly beneath a doctor's supervision).

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