Constipation solution, Symptoms, Causes, Remedies | constipation in covid19 & pregnancy | Ayurvedic treatment

Constipation

 How is constipation caused?

Technically, constipation is defined as less than three bowel movements per week. The frequency with which you “go” varies widely from person to person. Other people get bowel movements only once or twice a week, while others do so several times a day. Regardless of your bowel movements, they are unique to you and are perfectly normal – so long as you don't stray too far from your pattern.
No matter what your bowel habits are, one fact is true:
When you delay urinating for too long, stool/poop is more difficult to pass. Constipation is generally defined by the following features:

  1. You have dry, hard stools.
  2. The stools feel hard and you have difficulty passing them.
  3. You feel as though you haven't entirely emptied your bowels.


Constipation is a very common problem.

There's nothing wrong with having constipation. A wide range of gastrointestinal complaints are common in the United States, and one of the most common is constipation. Every year, millions of people see their doctor because they are constipated.

A person of any age can occasionally be constipated. Constipation is also more likely to occur in certain people and situations. They include:

  1. Younger people have a greater muscle contraction strength along their digestive tract, whereas older people have a decreased muscle contraction strength.
  2. Pregnant or post-partum, you're a woman. Constipation is more common among women because of hormonal changes. The baby squishes the intestines while inside the womb, causing it to proceed at a slower rate.
  3. Eating too few high-fiber foods. Healthy digestion requires foods that are high in fiber.
  4. Taking medications.
  5. Being afflicted with neurological or digestive diseases.

What causes constipation?

You become constipated when your colon absorbs too much water from your waste, which makes your stool stiff and difficult to pass.

Nutrition is absorbed while food moves through the digestive tract as food passes through the intestines. The partially digested food that remains reaches the large intestine, commonly known as the colon. These waste products are absorbed by the colon, resulting in a solid matter called stool. The food in your digestive tract may move too slowly if you have constipation. This gives the colon more time – too much time – to absorb water from the waste. This causes the stool to harden and become hard to push out.

Constipation solution, Symptoms, Causes, Remedies | constipation in covid19 & pregnancy | Ayurvedic treatment


SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES

What causes constipation?

There are many causes for constipation :

Improper lifestyle

Pregnancy  

Medical conditions 

Medications

Lifestyle factors that cause constipation include

  1. Low-fiber foods.
  2. Lack of water.
  3. Not enough exercise.
  4. Traveling, eating, or going to bed at different times.
  5. Eating large amounts of dairy products.
  6. Feeling stressed.
  7. Being able to resist the urge to pass a bowel movement.

What are the signs and symptoms of constipation?

Constipation symptoms include:

  1. The number of bowel movements you have a week is less than three.
  2. You have dry, hard, and/or lumpy stools.
  3. It's difficult or painful to pass your stool.
  4. Your stomach hurts or you have cramps.
  5. Feeling bloated and nauseous.
  6. After a movement, you feel like you have not emptied your bladder or bowels fully.

TREATMENT AND MANAGEMENT

What is the treatment for constipation?

Self-care

Constipation can usually be managed by you at home. Making changes in your diet and drink is the first step to supporting your self-care.

Here are a few suggestions to relieve your constipation:

  1. Two to four extra glasses of water a day are recommended. Dehydration can be caused by caffeinated drinks and alcohol.
  2. Eat more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and other high-fiber foods. Eat fewer high-fat foods such as meat, eggs, and cheese.
  3. If you like, eat bran cereal and prunes.
  4. Constipation can be caused by specific foods. Keep a food diary.
  5. Get moving and exercise.
  6. Look at how you sit on the toilet. It may help to raise your feet, lean back, or squat when having a bowel movement.
  7. You can take some supplemental fiber over-the-counter, like Metamucil, Citrucel, and Benefiber.
  8. Use a mild laxative (such as docusate [Colace®]) if necessary. Besides Fleet®, there will also be stimulants like bisacodyl (Dulcolax®) and senna (Senokot®) in the form of enemas. There are many laxative options. Ask your pharmacist or doctor for advice before choosing one. Do not use laxatives for more than two weeks in a row without consulting a doctor. Excessive laxative use can worsen your symptoms.
  9. Try not to read, use your phone or use any other devices while trying to move your bowels.

Review of constipation medications and supplements

Additional to self-care methods, your doctor will review your medications and supplements you take. Constipation can result from some of these products. A change in dose or switching to a new medication may also be necessary if your doctor so suggests. the supplement. Never stop taking your medications without consulting your doctor first.

Medications prescribed by physicians

For constipation, some prescription drugs are available. Lubiprostone, prucalopride, plecanatide, lactulose (Cephulac®, Kristalose®), linaclotide (Linzess®), and a few others are available. Based on your tests, your doctor will pick the drug that is most likely to work for you.

Constipation solution, Symptoms, Causes, Remedies | constipation in covid19 & pregnancy | Ayurvedic treatment


Home Remedies for Constipation.

1. Drink plenty of water

A person with constipation should drink more water.

Constipation can result from being regularly dehydrated. To prevent this, it is important to drink plenty of water and stay hydrated.

Carbonated water might help someone who is constipated. It will help them rehydrate and get things going again.

Studies have shown sparkling water to be more effective than tap water in relieving constipation. These symptoms include indigestion and chronic constipation.

But, carbonated drinks, such as sugary soda, can be harmful to your health and may make constipation worse. IBS patients may avoid carbonated drinks, including sparkling water, as they might find it worsens their illness.

Conclusion: Drink plenty of water if you want to avoid constipation. Constipation relief is maybe even more effective with sparkling water.

Constipation solution, Symptoms, Causes, Remedies | constipation in covid19 & pregnancy | Ayurvedic treatment


2. Increase your fiber intake, especially soluble, non-fermented fiber.

Physicians often recommend increasing dietary fiber intake to treat constipation.

This is due to the fact that more fiber makes the stools stronger and easier to pass, leading to the creation of larger bowel movements. In addition, it boosts their digestive system as well. According to a 2016 review, 77% of those with chronic constipation benefited from taking fiber supplements.

Research shows, however, that increasing fiber intake can aggravate the problem. In other cases, dietary fiber improves stool frequency, but may not help with constipation-related symptoms, such as painful constipation, bloating, and gas.

That is because different dietary fibers affect digestion in different ways.

There is a wide variety of dietary fibers, but in general, they fall into two categories: insoluble fibers and soluble fibers.

With the addition of insoluble fibers — commonly found in bran, vegetables, and whole grains — stools may pass more easily and more quickly through the digestive system.

Soluble fibers — found in oat bran, barley, nuts, seeds, beans, lentils, peas, and some fruits and vegetables — absorb water to form a gel-like paste that softens stools and improves its consistency. Psyllium, a natural fiber, is best for treating constipation.

One review from 2021 found that insoluble wheat bran was 3.4 times less effective than psyllium for constipation. Constipation treatment with insoluble fiber has yielded mixed results in studies.

Some people who have functional bowel problems, such as IBS or chronic idiopathic constipation, may find that insoluble fiber worsens the problem. As fermentable soluble fibers lose their ability to hold water, they may not be effective at treating constipation.

Constipation can be prevented by consuming a mix of soluble and insoluble fibers. Females need 25 grams of fiber a day, and men 38 grams.

Aside from fiber, you can also eat more complex carbs. Fiber supplements such as psyllium, a non-fermentable, soluble fiber, can also help.

4. Drink caffeinated coffee, especially


Constipation may be relieved by drinking coffee.

Drinking coffee can increase the need to go to the bathroom for some people. Coffee stimulates the muscles in the digestive system.

Studies in 1998 suggest coffee with caffeine is similar to a meal in stimulating the gut. These effects were 60% stronger compared to drinking water and 23% stronger compared to decaffeinated coffee. Besides soluble fiber, coffee may also improve the balance of gut bacteria and thus prevent constipation.

The stimulant qualities of caffeine may be stronger in IBS sufferers. Symptoms of digestive distress may be aggravated by it.

Some people with IBS may find it helpful to eliminate caffeine from their diet.

Conclusion: Coffee can help relieve constipation by supplying the muscles of the gut. Fiber may be present in small amounts.

Constipation solution, Symptoms, Causes, Remedies | constipation in covid19 & pregnancy | Ayurvedic treatment

5. You can take Senna, an herbal laxative.

The herbal laxative Senna is widely used for constipation treatment. In both oral and rectal forms, it can be purchased over the counter and online.

The glycosides in the senna stimulate the nerves in the gut and speed up bowel movements. Senna is safe for adults in short doses, but people should consult their doctors if their symptoms do not subside after a few days.

People with inflammatory bowel disease, pregnant women, breastfeeding women, and people who are nursing are generally not recommended to take Senna.

conclusion: The herbal laxative Senna is used for treating constipation. Stimulating the gut, it speeds bowel movements up.

6. Take probiotic supplements or eat probiotic foods.

Chronic constipation can be prevented with probiotics. Good bacteria grow naturally in the gut, so probiotics are live. Bifidobacteria and Lactobacillus are included in this group.

By eating probiotic foods, people can boost their levels. There are some people who have chronic constipation who have an imbalance in their gut bacteria. The consumption of probiotic foods can improve this balance, preventing constipation.

Probiotics have been found in research to help with constipation, increasing frequency and consistency of stools for 2 weeks.

They may also produce short-chain fatty acids, which could help treat constipation. A number of nutrients may help improve gut movements, easing the passing of stools. Alternatively, you can try taking a probiotic supplement. The effects of these supplements can be felt after 4 weeks in some studies.

Constipation may be relieved wit

  1. yogurt
  2. the sauerkraut
  3. The kimchi

h probiotic supplements available online, or by eating more probiotic-rich foods. Foods that contain prebiotics include:

Conclusion: Probiotics may be effective in treating chronic constipation. Take a probiotic supplement or eat probiotic foods.

7. A prescription laxative or over-the-counter laxative

A doctor or pharmacist can advise a person on choosing the proper laxative. The way they work varies, but all are effective for constipation.

Doctors may recommend one of these types:

  1. Bulking agents: Fiber-based laxatives which increase the moisture content of stool.
  2. Stool softeners: These contain oils that aid in the digestion of hard stools.
  3. Stimulant laxatives: Stimulates nerves in the gut to facilitate bowel movements.
  4. Oxytocin: This softens stools by pulling water from the stomach into the digestive tract.

Many of these laxatives should not be taken on a regular basis without checking with a doctor.

Bottom line: Laxatives work well to relieve constipation. A doctor or pharmacist can recommend the best one to use.

8. Consider a low FODMAP diet.

A common symptom of IBS is constipation. Low FODMAP diets are elimination diets used to treat IBS and relieve IBS-related constipation. There are four types of FODMAP: oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols.

To determine if one is able to tolerate high FODMAP foods, some foods must be eliminated before reintroducing them. The low FODMAP diet alone is often not enough in people with constipation-predominant IBS.

People with such a diet would probably benefit from paying more attention to drinking plenty of water and eating enough fiber in their diet to feel better.

Conclusion: A low-FODMAP diet could help relieve constipation related to IBS. However, this may not be enough to alleviate the pain.

9. Take a glucomannan supplement or eat shirataki noodles.

Glucomannan, derived from the roots of the konjac plant, has been researched for its ability to prevent constipation.

Furthermore, glucomannan may improve bowel movements by improving the balance of good bacteria in the gut.

In a study of children, glucomannan relieved constipation in nearly half the participants, compared with just 13% in the control group. Other controlled studies, on the other hand, found no significant effects. A person can obtain glucomannan by eating shirataki noodles, or konjac noodles.

A glucomannan supplement is also available. You need to compare the benefits of each brand in order to know which one is best for your needs. 

Conclusion: Glucomannan may be useful in treating constipation in some people. These sources include shirataki noodles and supplements.

10. Eat foods that contain prebiotics

There are two types of prebiotic fibers: oligosaccharide and inulin.

Dietary fibers can relieve constipation by making the stool bulkier while prebiotics promotes digestive health. In addition, prebiotic fibers help to improve digestive health by supplying nutrition to beneficial bacteria in the gut, which in turn increases the production and function of probiotics.

The fact is that some prebiotics may help make stools softer and increase bowel movements.

Some prebiotic foods include:

  1. chicory
  2. Jerusalem artichokes
  3. garlic
  4. onions
  5. bananas
  6. leeks
  7. chickpeas

Conclusion: Prebiotic fibers from foods can improve digestive health as well as the balance of friendly gut bacteria. Congestion may be relieved by prebiotics.

11. Consider magnesium citrate.

Home remedies for constipation include magnesium citrate. Osmotic laxatives are available over the counter and online.

You can relieve constipation with moderate amounts of magnesium supplements. In order to prepare and cleanse the bowels before surgery or other medical procedures, doctors give higher dosages.

Conclusion: Taking magnesium citrate, a dietary supplement, can help alleviate constipation.

12. You should eat prunes

Natural laxatives include prunes. For good reason, prunes and prune juice are often hailed as nature’s cure for constipation. Among the available natural solutions, prunes may be the most accessible.

Prunes contain sorbitol in addition to fiber. Sugar alcohols have a laxative effect on the body.

Research suggests that prunes tend to work better than fibers like psyllium.Two times a day, around 50 g of prunes, or seven small prunes, may be used.

Prunes may be problematic for people with IBS since they are high in sugar alcohols and high in FODMAPs.

conclusion: Prunes contain the dietary fiber and laxative sorbitol that sugar alcohols lack. Constipation can be treated with prunes.

13. Try avoiding dairy products.

Those who have an intolerance to dairy may become constipated due to its effect on gut movements.

Lactose intolerance affects children as well as adults.

You may see your doctor if you suspect a dairy intolerance. To check if symptoms improve, the doctor may suggest temporarily removing milk from the diet while consuming other calcium-rich foods.

Conclusion: Lactose or dairy intolerance can cause constipation in some people. The removal of dairy from the diet can help relieve symptoms in these people.

 

Surgery

The need for surgery to treat constipation is very rare. Constipation can result from structural issues with the colon, so your doctor may recommend surgery. A blockage in the colon can cause digestive difficulties, such as an obstruction of the colon, a restrictive tightening of part of the intestine called intestinal tightness, or the collapse of a portion of the rectum into the vagina. Constipation can sometimes be caused by outlet dysfunction which may require surgery. It is best to discuss this after testing. It is also possible that you will need surgery if you were affected by cancer in your colon, rectum, or anus.

PREVENTION

How do I prevent constipation?

To avoid constipation from becoming a chronic problem, use the same home remedies you used to treat constipation:

  1. Eat a healthy diet that is rich in fiber. Fruits, vegetables, wholegrain bread, legumes, and whole grains are good sources of fiber. Water and fiber help pass stools in the colon. The most fiber in fruits comes from their skins, such as apples. Most fiber is found in fruits with seeds, like strawberries. Bran is a good source of fiber. Bran cereal can be eaten plain or added to other foods such as soup and yogurt. For people with constipation, 30 to 40 grams of fiber should be consumed every day.
  2. Water 8 ounces a day. Dehydration can occur when you drink liquids containing caffeine, such as coffee or soft drinks. These products may need to be stopped until your bowels return to normal.
  3. Regular exercise is essential.
  4. Treatment for mild constipation includes dietary supplements like magnesium. Move your bowels when you feel the urge. Do not wait. 
  5. There are signs of outlet dysfunction and constipation in you.

Talk openly with your doctor about any concerns or questions you have about your bowel movements. Pooping should be something that we all do. You may have constipation for a long time, or it may be a sign of something serious. Be careful. If you’ve noticed changes in your bowel patterns or you feel like your life is increasingly dictated by your bowels, see your doctor.

Constipation in Pregnancy

These five remedies are safe during pregnancy. Pregnant women must consume a diet high in fiber to avoid constipation and also receive vitamins and antioxidants.

Pregnant women need to consume at least 25-30 grams of dietary fiber each day in order to avoid constipation and keep healthy. Good choices include fresh fruits and vegetables, beans, peas, lentils, whole-grain bread, and bran cereals.

Make a fruit salad from raspberries, strawberries, figs, apples, and bananas. For a delightful side dish, roast sweet corn, Brussels sprouts, and carrots. Being hydrated during pregnancy is imperative, so you can expect to drink twice as much water.

Water should be consumed by pregnant women at least eight times each day. Your soft bowels will help your digestive tract move smoothly.

Eat five to six small meals a day to relieve constipation. Consequently, the stomach will be able to process food without having to work overtime and will be able to pass food smoothly into the intestine and colon. When eating large meals, your digestive system has to work harder to process what you’ve consumed.

Constipation can be reduced with regular physical activity. Bowels are stimulated by exercise. Pregnant women are advised to try to exercise at least three times per week for 20 to 30 minutes each time.

It is possible to exercise in countless ways. Go for a walk on a favorite trail, swim in a swimming pool or practice yoga while pregnant at your local studio. Find out what kinds of exercises are suitable for you and your baby from your doctor.

For pregnant women suffering from constipation, doctors may prescribe short-term stool softeners such as Colace if other natural options have failed. Online, Colace is available. However, long-term use can cause dehydration or alter your electrolyte balanceTrusted Source.

Softening your stools helps make them easier to pass. Pregnant women who take iron supplements may find these useful. Iron pills are often prescribed along with softening drugs.

Check with your doctor if stool softeners are safe for you.

Constipation in Covid

How do you deal with quarantine constipation?

Typically COVID-19 doesn't cause constipation, but it can cause it indirectly if it is infected with another virus. Constipation resulting from “quarantine constipation” can be caused by a lack of physical activity from a stay-at-home order or quarantine.

Your bowels become less efficient when you cease being active or reduce your activity. Increased sitting may also contribute to constipation by putting pressure on your colon.

When you are staying at home more often, changes in your diet and increased stress may all contribute to constipation as well.

Staying hydrated while staying active, reducing your stress, eating a nutrient-dense diet, and exercising at home may all result in your symptoms reducing.

Treatment of Constipation in Ayurveda

1. The following are some home remedies for constipation:

  1. It helps start bowel movements. Ginger tea is a great home remedy for constipation.
  2. A simple walk in the park can relieve constipation.
  3. Guava and its seeds when eaten are a good source of roughage to improve diet and relieve constipation.
  4. More fruits like pears, grapes, orange juice & papaya should be added to the diet.
  5. Drink a glass of milk twice a day with some extra sugar or honey to relieve constipation.
  6. After applying lukewarm castor oil over the navel at night, patients usually pass the stools the following morning.
  7. Put 6-8 raisins in hot water and let cool. Then crush well. Strain. In infants, it can regulate bowel movements when given regularly.
  8. On an empty stomach, eat 2 apples with peel.
  9. Drink one teaspoon of honey in one cup of warm water first thing in the morning.
  10. A tasty remedy for children is carrot juice.
  11. Eat fresh chopped onion.
  12. 3 - 4 teaspoons of Isabgol husk with warm milk or water at bedtime

2. Constipation Ayurvedic Treatments:

  1. Three to four teaspoons of Abhyarishta should be taken twice a day after meals, with equal quantities of water.
  2. With lukewarm water, take 1 to 2 teaspoons of Panchasakar churna.
  3. One teaspoon of Avipattikar Churna (powder) with water or milk is taken twice a day.
  4. After meals, take one tablet of Gandhak Vati with hot water.
  5. Take 1 - 2 Virechani tablets with warm milk or water at bedtime.
  6. Take 2 - 3 gandharvaharitaki tablets before you go to bed with warm water.
  7. Two to three tablets of Triphala should be taken before going to bed.

3. Yoga asanas for treating constipation:

  1. Yog mudra
  2. Pawan mukta asana
  3. Dhanurasana
  4. Vajra asana

 


 

 


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